Project Update: Composite Mix Building Materials

Inspiration from God’s Creations

Welcome to another stage of the Composite Mix Building Materials Project, in which we are experimenting using natural and/or recycled products, such as sawdust from timber mill processing, with an intention to create new strong and durable building materials.

This post will describe experiments that the Gods Way Ltd Composite Mix Materials project leader, Cornelius, was inspired to create by observations he made in nature. These occurrences in nature are in harmony with properties or principals that the team would like to uphold or harness in their new building material.

It is undisputed that God is the Master creator, creating things such as planets, solar systems, universes, plants, animals and of course the pinnacle of God’s creation, the human soul.

It could be agreed that those creations are a little more advanced than our Composite Mix project.

As humans, being mini-creators, it would make sense to learn some tips from the Master. This can be done directly (by developing a personal relationship with God, and asking for God the answer to any question) which is the fast way, or indirectly (by observing what God has created and try to discover the laws and principals behind the creation) which is the slower way.

So, while developing a relationship with God, which is a progressive process, we can also learn by observing things that God has already created in nature, discover how they work, and replicate the principals involved in the making of our own creations.

The question could be asked; “Why would we want create things like the way God has done them?”

Because every individual thing that God has created benefits all other creation; is extremely intelligent, serves multiple functions simultaneously thus making the most economical use of time, energy and resources.

For example, the creation of water:

Water
  • Gives life to all living things through hydration
  • Can be used to cool things down
  • Washes us clean
  • Supports life (creatures can live in it)
  • Always finds its own horizontal level
  • Falls from the sky so you don’t have to go fetch it from a river
  • Has the ability to change form between liquid, gas and a solid
  • Has the capacity to carry nutrients
  • Extinguishes fires
  • Has thermal mass properties
  • Provides humans with enjoyment (surfing, skiing, snowboarding, swimming, ice-skating etc.)

Essentially in this Universe we live in a School of God. We are constantly surrounded by creations that offer lessons for learning; it’s like an interactive living playground.

Termite Soil Experiment

The termite mound was an observation found in the “playground”; discovering that a creature that God created can turn soil and organic matter into a rock-like substance.

This is what the team are attempting to do in the composite mix materials experiments; making earth based materials (sand) stick together with organic materials (sawdust) to become rock-like.

In the rural region of Southern Queensland, Australia, local to God’s Way Ltd’s current operations, there are many termite mounds to be observed. The termite mounds are the termites’ house above ground level. In this region the mounds can reach up to 1 metre high and can have a base diameter of 2 metres. Termite mounds vary in shape and size depending on geographical and climatic conditions. For example, in Northern tropical areas of Australia, these mounds can extend beyond 6 metres in height.

Local South Queensland termite mound (tennis ball shown as size reference)

Local South Queensland termite mound (tennis ball shown as size reference)

The mounds are made by the termites who live solely underground in dark conditions. The termites make these mounds by combining soil, which they harvest from deeper in the ground, and organic matter, mainly the dead matter like leaf litter which sits on the ground surface in the surrounding areas. The method used for binding the soil together (to make it stick) is believed involve use of the termite’s saliva and excreta. (Source: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/the-animal-house-the-incredible-termite-mound/7222/)

Upon observations of the termite mounds, the structure once made is very hard; much harder than the surrounding ground, and is resistive to eroding from rainfall.

While there are so many remarkable qualities that the termites possess (as you’d expect from anything that God has created), the interesting implication for the composite mix experiments was wondering what the chemical make-up of the termite’s binding method was that enables them to stick surrounding soil together and make it so hard.

If this binding medium could be naturally replicated in some way, it could become a beneficial method to be able to bind soil together without the use of cement based products.

Pre-Testing Research

The next step was to discover some more information about the exact catalyst or process that enables termites to stick soil and organic matter they consume together and for it to become a hard setting structure as a result.

Upon researching scientific papers on the internet, contacting the University of South Queensland Faculty of Science, Health & Engineering, and also talks with a Soil Scientist and his peers, no insight was found (so far) into how this occurs and there was no knowledge of anyone having reverse engineered the soil to find out the chemical make-up of the binding qualities that the termites could produce.

From the personal review of scientific papers on the subject, the consensus appears to be that the termites saliva, excreta, or a combination of the two, was the product that creates the binding.

Just as a guess, human saliva and excrement would probably not have the same successful result.

Testing

Unfortunately, the chemical composition of the binder that the termites make could not be discovered at this stage, however curiosity still lingered about the termite mound soil and how strong it was as a comparison to cement based products.

Some sample material was taken from a termite mound that had been inactive for a couple of years.

It was then time to have a play. Pre-testing was done on the samples (making small mud-pies) to see what they would they would be like simply crushed down and water added. The result was that they had slightly less strength than the original material.

It was still worthwhile making some test samples using ‘soil’ from an abandoned termite mound. Hydrated lime was added to the mix to aid in extra binding properties.

Finished Product

Finished Product

If the testing information interests you click here: 20180522 Test Batch 015

Proper strength based comparison between the test using termite mound and hydrated lime, and a cement based product, will only be possible when all the experimental test samples go for professional testing, which will be soon.

It was thought that perhaps next time, soil from an active mound could be used to see if there is any difference in strength compared to a vacated mound. Maybe the life (or the lack of it) existing in the termite mound, could have an impact on the strength of the soil of the mound. Similar to humans; when there is life in a house the house is usually strong because it is maintained. When there is no life in the house, it begins to degrade – as with all things when the life has vacated. God’s Laws work to break down dead matter that has served its original purpose.

Further Lessons Offered by Termites

Even without knowledge so far of what the substance is that the termites use to convert and bind plain soil and organic matter into a hard substance, other interesting discoveries were made about the implanted intelligence that God put into termites. Some of these discoveries can have further benefits in building design and construction.

A study found in this scientific research paper shows how termites can sense the load of structures that they are going to break down such as a building or a tree and choose how to approach that. They replace the timber eaten with their clay that they make (same as the clay used to create their mounds). The clay when tested had higher proportional structural load properties than the timber that it replaced.

Also the termites were very economical in using less energy to make the replacement clay compared to the significantly higher energy value of the food that they ate. Termites are both very intelligent structural engineers and economists (obviously the intelligence implanted by God into the creation of the termite).

Their mound structure is designed very intricately of tubes and chambers that move air through the mound. This keeps it at a constant 23 degrees all year round (the optimum comfort level for human habitation too). They have the ultimate heating and cooling system that could be replicated, and it has been to some degree in many past and current building designs; just not as effectively as a building with tubes and chamber could though. (Source: http://theconversation.com/lets-mimic-termite-nests-to-keep-human-buildings-cool-115534)

The termite’s primary role is to break down dead cellulose matter such as wood. Without their activities, nutrient rich decomposed matter would not be available for possibly many decades. Termites also move nutrients and minerals that are usually locked-up in the sub-soil up to the surface where these elements have commonly become deficient. This aids in the growth of new plants who can benefit from those nutrients and minerals as they are getting established (before they can reach deeper into the soil with their roots).

When the work in an area of land is complete by the termites, they leave the nest/mound and move on to another area that needs work done. Interestingly, when they leave their nest/mound/house, the mound begins to breakdown. This provides a slow release of nutrients that feed the area that they have just done all the work in, thus giving back to the area.

This is God’s Design and Gods Way. The challenge for humans is to design and build in a way that when our creations are no longer required, what is left behind offers benefits to all around it and promotes growth and sustainability. This is what our endeavour is with the God’s Way Ltd Construction Team. It will take time, starting with man’s way and progressing to God’s Way.


Dunarobba Fossil Forest Experiment

Dunarobba Fossil Forest is in the Umbria Region of Italy, which is located virtually in the geographical centre of that country. The significance of this forest isn’t towering shady trees, it’s dinosaur bones or ancient shells, but that the trees there are over 2.5 million years old. These trees are primarily located underground, yet still stand upright, and still have all the properties of wood as they had 2.5 million years ago!

The exact way that these trees have preserved for so long is of interest to the Composite Mix Materials Project – to see if the principals behind the method of natural preservation can be incorporated into the project’s sample making, especially since a wood material (sawdust) is one of the ingredients being used.

The information described in this section about the Dunarobba Fossil Forest was taken from sources linked under the heading ‘How is the Wood Preserved?’, and from the National Geographic September 1994 Edition, ‘Ancient Forest Rises From Italian Clay’ (membership required).

Background History

The discovery of the trees was by workers digging clay from the area for making tiles, possibly mid-last century. The tops of the tree trunks became exposed during this collection of the clay. However, it wasn’t until the 1980s that the area became of interest to palaeontologists.

The trees themselves are in an upright condition and are all leaning over by about 25 degrees. The trunk sizes are approximately 1.5m diameter and estimated to have been 31-35m tall. The trees are believed to be an extinct species (Taxodioxylon gypsaceum), similar to what is known as a sequoia tree these days. There are no sequoias or any type of tree that resembles the taxodiaceae family of trees, in Italy today.

While being extremely old, tall and being found in an upright condition is unusual, the most striking anomaly for something so old is that the wood is still wood. The trees have not decayed or become petrified, they have essentially become mummified by the clay that surrounds it.

The wood can still be cut, has its unique aroma and can be burned. It still possesses the properties of wood, with the exception that it has resisted fungi, rot and insect attack over that time. However the wood that is now being exposed to air is susceptible to attack.

It will be interesting to discover more in regards to the principals behind this anomaly, to then be able to preserve wood in the Composite Mix Materials Project; and being a method created by God, it has to be good, right?

How is the Wood Preserved?

What appears to have happened is that the trees have been encased in a silty clay (dense enough to make tiles from) that has possibly occurred during an earth change event. The clay has essentially mummified the tree. The encasement of clay and the minerals present in the soil could prevent anything getting into the tree to break it down, such as bacteria, insects or fungi.

If you would like a full scientific explanation of this you can view this scientific paper on it.

For a less scientific explanation, this site covers it well.

Has this Knowledge been used?

Some others have also found this discovery helpful in construction. A US company called FASWALL, in conjunction with others from Europe, has been using a preservation method involving clay however usually with chips of wood, not sawdust.

While no one seems to give away too much on how they do things (so that others can’t easily replicate it), the God’s Way team decided to have a go at making a test sample from what was understood about the clay encasement method of preservation of the Dunarobba trees, just for the fun of trying to replicate something that God enabled to be possible.

God’s Way Ltd plans to share the methods, ingredients and data from experiments with the world, success or no success, in the hope that it can benefit to others. This benefit may be either by inspiration to others to observe what God has created and play with ideas that come from it, or even sharing the discovery of new Laws. Whenever a new one of God’s Laws is discovered, everyone is the beneficiary.

What the Team Tried

After hearing of the fossilised trees in the playground of observations on the other side of the Earth (in Italy), the team decided to give something similar a try in our classroom (Catherine’s shed).

From what could be understood of principles of the preservation process, the outside of the wood particles needed to be sealed with a fine clay, the same method as the trees encountered. The clay has mineral properties such as alumina, silicate and oxide which will assist with binding all the particles together and in our experiment we also added some cement powder.

To get the clay to encase and positively stick to the wood particles, aluminium sulphate was used.

Aluminium sulphate is most often used in water filtration/purification. It causes dirt and other impurities that are suspended in the water to stick together, become heavy and fall to the bottom, leaving the water at the top purified. God invented that!

Both samples below are of the same dirty water. The sample on the right has had 2 teaspoons of Aluminium Sulphate added. These are the results after 1 hour.

Dirty water on the right has had Aluminium Sulphate adde

Dirty water on the right has had Aluminium Sulphate added

The aluminium sulphate attracts dirt to it, such as clay.

The idea then was to soak the sawdust particles in an aluminium sulphate and water solution, then when clay (in a crushed powder form) is added the clay will be drawn to the sawdust particle hence encasing them.

(As a side note, gardeners also use Aluminium Sulphate when watering a Hydrangea plant to turn its usually pink flowers, blue. God’s Laws also allowed that to happen. Cool huh!)

The method used to test this theory, was to firstly soak the sawdust particles in the solution. Because the particles were small, an hour was given for this marination.

The clay was in a dry condition before being crushed and then put through a 1.6mm aperture sieve; which was actually an insect-screen from a window.

The moist wood particles were then put into a drum/bucket for mixing.

We had tried this method in an earlier experiment with a regular cement mixer, however in that case the clay preferred to turn into balls and the mixing method didn’t allow for the desired level of coating of the sawdust particles.

In the mixing drum/bucket, a hand-held mechanical mixer was used to start moving the sawdust particles as the clay dust was slowly and progressively added, until all the particles had been encased in clay. No exposed particles were left in the drum/bucket. (This mixing method is much like typically making a cake, where the mixer apparatus is above the bowl).

With the sawdust particles now encased in clay, cement dust was added to the mix in small doses; after all the cement was mixed through, water was added.

Test 26 Composite Mix

Test 26 Composite Mix

The amount of water to be used was enough just to make the cement become pasty and stick to the clay.

Using an tamping rod, the mix was then hand pressed into the generic brick moulds used in previous tests. A sample of the brick after drying is shown below.

Test 26 Brick on Drying Rack

Test 26 Brick on Drying Rack

Data recorded during the experiment in more detail may be found here: 20180620 Test Batch 026

Conclusion

Regardless of whether the experiments work or not, taking inspiration from observations found in nature (God’s interactive playground) offers the opportunity to discover more deeply about God’s Personality, Nature, incredible Intelligence and to become more sensitive to God’s Love involved in all creations.

The experiments and tests, done using the methods observed in this amazing playground, have been far more enjoyable than the earlier experiments which felt quite clinical. Prior experiments were more affected by personal fears and desire to get everything right, preoccupation with the team’s perceived lack of knowledge of how and where to start with and wanting to stay safe in the knowledge of what is already known rather than taking a chance on a feeling, an inspiration or a seemingly crazy idea (honestly, the crazy ideas haven’t really started yet).

Most of the real education has been to learn to be ‘OK’ with any outcome and to try to relax and find the uniqueness that God has created in me (Cornelius) and each of us; that as one of His creations our own personal uniqueness must be of benefit to the world.

Stay tuned for the lab results of test all samples created up until now.

AJ Miller (Jesus)
AJ Miller (Jesus)
God’s Way Visionary & Founding Member
Construction Branch Manager
Jesus continues to mentor all God’s Way members and volunteers regarding how to implement and develop projects in harmony with God’s Principles. He provides the vision and design for all current God’s Way initiatives and audits all projects to ensure that they meet with the requirements laid out in the God’s Way Company Constitution.

Mary Magdalene (Mary Luck)
Mary Magdalene (Mary Luck)
Managing Director
Information Sharing Auditor & Editor
Mary is mentoring God’s Way Ltd members in how to write and present information. She spends many hours reading and editing the posts that are published on God’s Way Ltd’s website to ensure they are a truthful, accurate representation of what is happening in the organisation.

David Walsh
David Walsh (Cornelius)
Author

Date of submission: 5 November 2018
Date event occurred: 22 May 2018 & 10 July 2018
Branch: Construction
Branch Manager: AJ Miller (Jesus)
Programme: Building Materials Experiments
Project: Composite Mix Building Materials
Attendees: David Walsh (Cornelius), Tristan Miller, Peter Lytton-Hitchins
Location: Wilkesdale, Queensland, Australia
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